Sykes Picot Agreement Israel

On September 15, the British distributed a memorial aid (which had been discussed privately two days earlier between Lloyd George and Clemenceau [103]) that the British would withdraw their troops to Palestine and Mesopotamia and hand over Damascus, Homs, Hama and Aleppo to Faisal`s troops. While accepting the withdrawal, Clemenceau continued to insist on the Sykes-Picot agreement as the basis for all discussions. [104] The agreement was conceived and negotiated in the coming months by the countries` diplomats and signed by the Allies between August 18 and September 26, 1917. [38] Russia was not represented in this agreement, because the tsarist regime was in the midst of a revolution. The lack of Russian approval of the Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne Agreement was then used by the British at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 to invalidate it, a position that greatly irritated the Italian government. [41] Many sources claim that Sykes-Picot was in conflict with the Hussein-McMahon correspondence of 1915-1916 and that the publication of the agreement in November 1917 caused the resignation of Sir Henry McMahon. [107] There were several differences, the most obvious being Iraq in the British Red Zone and less the idea that British and French advisers would have control of the area designated as being intended for an Arab state. Finally, while the correspondence did not mention Palestine, Haifa and Akkon should be British and the brown zone (a reduced Palestine) should be internationalized. [108] Sykes himself withdrew from the agreement, tried to change Picot, and helped draft the Balfour Declaration. In 1919, Zionist leader Nahum Sokolov wrote: «From the point of view of Zionist interests in Palestine [Sykes-Picot] has been rightly much criticized; But it was Sykes himself who criticized him the most severely, and who completely distanced himself by changing the circumstances. Weizmann was stunned by two aspects of the deal. First, the Sykes-Picot division divided the Yishuv in depth. Many of the former Zionist settlements – Metullah, Rosh Pina, Yesod Hama`alah, Mishmar Hayarden – would be in the exclusively French zone, as is Safed.

The internationalized brown zone would include Jerusalem, Jaffa and Tiberias, as well as more recent settlements like Tel Aviv, Petah Tikvah, Rishon Lezion, Rehovot and Zichron Yaakov. . . .

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