Ceasefire Agreement Define

Reading 6: Zaw Oo, M. (2014). Understanding the Myanmar peace process: ceasefire agreement. Catalyst reflection paper 2. Bern: SwissPeace. During the First World War, on December 24, 1914, there was an unofficial ceasefire on the Western Front when France, Britain and Germany kept Christmas. According to some reports, the unofficial ceasefire took place all week before Christmas and that British and German troops exchanged salutes and seasonal songs between their trenches. [8] The truce was brief, but spontaneous. When German soldiers burned Christmas trees, it quickly spread to the Western Front. [9] One report described developments in these terms: the 2020 global ceasefire was a response to a formal call made on 23 March by UN Secretary-General Antonio Manuel de Oliveira Guterres for a global ceasefire as part of the UN response to the coronavirus pandemic COVID 19. On 24 June 2020, 170 UN Member States and observers signed a non-binding declaration in support of the appeal, which increased to 172 on 25 June 2020, and on 1 July 2020, the UN Security Council adopted a resolution calling for a general and immediate cessation of hostilities for at least 90 days.

[21] [22] Following the expulsion of Iraq from Kuwait by US-led coalition forces, Iraq and the United Nations Security Council signed a ceasefire agreement on 3 March 1991. [15] Subsequently, in the 1990s, the United Nations Security Council adopted numerous resolutions calling on Iraq to disarm its weapons of mass destruction without conditions and without delay. As no peace treaty was signed after the Gulf War, the war remained in force, including an alleged attack on former US President George H. W. Bush by Iraqi agents during a visit to Kuwait; [16] Iraq was bombed in June 1993 in response, Iraqi troops fired on coalition aircraft patrolling Iraqi no-fly zones, US President Bill Clinton`s bombing of Baghdad in 1998 during Operation Desert Fox, and a previous US bombing of Iraq during Operation Desert Strike in 1996. The war remained in force until 2003, when American and British forces invaded Iraq and toppled Saddam Hussein`s regime from power. The author, a veteran who served as an advisor to the Abuja peace talks, examines the extent to which security measures have been treated only as a «technical matter». The document is a brilliant reminder that parties to the conflict may need a considerable amount of training and coaching to fully understand the practical impact of whether they engage or not, and thus participate effectively in peace talks. The document counteracts this practical requirement with the growing lack of strategic patience in international peace-building and diplomacy, with the pace and standards of a ceasefire/peace process often dictated by international supporters and not by the parties themselves.

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